Growth hormone treatment improves final height in children with X-linked hypophosphatemia
V. Zhukouskayaa (Dr), V. Zhukouskaya*b (Dr), J. Andrec (Dr), AS. Lambertc (Dr), JP. Sallesd (Dr), B. Mignote (Dr), A. Rothenbuhlerc (Dr), A. Lignlartc (Pr)
a Hôpital Cochin, Le Perreux-Sur-Marne, FRANCE ; b AP-HP, Endocrinology and diabetes for children, Reference center for rare diseases of the Calcium and Phosphate Metabolism, DMU SEA, OSCAR filière, EndoRare and BOND ERN, Bicêtre Paris Saclay Hospital; Hôpital Cochin, Paris, FRANCE ; c AP-HP, Endocrinology and diabetes for children, Reference center for rare diseases of the Calcium and Phosphate Metabolism, DMU SEA, OSCAR filière, EndoRare and BOND ERN, Bicêtre Paris Saclay Hospital, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, FRANCE ; d Unit of Endocrinology and Bone diseases, Children Hospital, Toulouse University Hospital, CHU de Toulouse, Université de Toulouse, ERN BOND, INSERM UMR 1291 / CNRS 5051, INFINITY Center, Toulouse, FRANCE ; e CHU of Besancon, Department of Pediatrics, Besançon, FRANCE
Background/aim: Despite optimal conventional treatment (oral phosphate supplements and active vitamin D analogs), about 40-50% of children with well-controlled X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) show linear growth failure, making them less likely to achieve an acceptable final height. Here, we studied the hypothesis that rhGH treatment improves final height in children with XLH and growth failure.
Methods: Two cohorts of children with XLH were included in this retrospective longitudinal analysis: (1) a cohort treated with rhGH for short stature (n=34) and (2) a cohort not treated with rhGH (n=29). The mean duration of rhGH treatment was 4.4±2.9 years. We collected the auxological parameters at various time points during follow-up to final height.
Results: In rhGH-treated children, 2 years of rhGH therapy was associated with significant increases in height from -2.4±0.9 to -1.5±0.7 SDS (p<0.001). Their mean height at rhGH discontinuation was -1.2±0.9 SDS and at final height was -1.3±0.9 SDS (160.4±8.0 cm). Notably, the two groups had similar final heights, the final height in children not treated with rhGH being -1.2±1.1 SDS (157.8±9.2 cm), p=0.7.
Conclusion: Treatment with rhGH significantly increases final height in children with XLH and growth failure, despite optimal conventional treatment. We propose therefore that rhGH therapy could be an appropriate option for short stature in the context of XLH.
L’auteur n’a pas transmis de déclaration de conflit d’intérêt.